Below is a list of frequently asked Questions for joining Merchant Navy in India. Hope it clarifies your doubts.
Merchant Navy is a profession where the Cargo or goods are transported by ships, from one port to another in same or different country. These cargo can be of various forms viz Coal, Cement etc. in bulk or equipments / devices in containers or even Diesel, Petrol, LPG, LNG etc. each having a specific type of ship. These ships are sailed by Mariners. One thing to note here is that Merchant Navy is different from Navy and has nothing to do with military or war.
If you are confused in joining Merchant Navy or want to know more about the life on-board prior joining Merchant Navy, please read Joining Merchant Navy be prepared and decide yourself.
There are various Pre-sea Marine Courses available for joining Merchant Navy in various ship departments.
Eligibility for joining these Pre-sea courses are determined by DG Shipping and depends on your qualification. You can use Join Merchant Navy page will guide you with the DG approved Pre-Sea Courses. Once you have decided which department you want to join, you can click the Course name and get more details about the Course, its duration and the promotion sequence.
Once you have decided which Marine course to join, you can check MARINE COURSES or list of DG approved Maritime Academy in India and contact them.
Every college has its own selection procedure. Government college like TS Chanakya, M.E.R.I. etc. select candidates on the basis of IIT JEE rank and additionally schedule counseling and interviews.
List of Courses and Government Maritime Colleges selecting through IIT are :
Like I said before, depending on the Course you want to join and the College you are interested in joining, each have its own selection procedure.
You can know about selection criteria by contacting DG approved Merchant navy Colleges in India personally.
DG Shipping started Pre-sea course of 1 Year which is called DNS (Diploma in Nautical Science). This course was started for joining the deck department and candidates would receive B. Sc. (Nautical Sciences) degree with this course which was missing previously.
Later Indian Maritime University (IMU) was established. Today IMU conducts all India level Common entrance test (CET) for DNS and GP Rating Course All candidates are required to go through this test for joining any Maritime Academy in India
Indian Maritime University (IMU) has been established as a Central University under the Indian Maritime University Act, 2008 with effect from 14th November, 2008. The University is established at the national level to facilitate and promote maritime studies and research. The headquarters of the University is at Chennai with its campuses at Mumbai, Kolkata Chennai and Vishakhapatnam. It mainly conducts CET and trains cadets selected.
Directorate General of Shipping (DGS), India deals with implementation of shipping policy and legislation, promotion of Maritime education and Training, Examination and Certification of Merchant Navy Officers, approval to the training programs conducted by various Maritime Academy.
Sponsored cadets are candidates already selected by any Shipping Company. Shipping Companies frequently advertise for vacancy for cadets in their company. They have their own selection procedure and might include particular qualification, Interviews, Psychometric test etc. These advertisements can be found on regular basis mostly in premier English newspapers. Once the candidate is selected they are called the "Sponsored" candidates - This simply means that once they complete the Pre-Sea course successfully, the company will send them on-board company's ships for training / completing candidates sea-time for next promotion. Please note here that most companies do not pay for your Pre-Sea Course and will only pay you stipends once you join on-board.
Non Sponsored cadets will depend on the college to get employed in a company or have to search companies / ship by themselves to complete their sea-time.
RPSL stands for Recruitment and Placement of Seafarers License. All Manning Shipping Companies are required to have a DG approved RPSL Number issued to them.
As per DG Shipping Circular crew 7 of 2008 Indian Shipowners are not required to be registered under M.S. (Recruitment and Placement of Seafarers) Rules, 2005, when recruiting seafarers for placing them on their own vessels, provided they engage them directly through their own offices.
To know more why this was needed and why you should sail with Agents / Marine Company with RPSL No. please go through DG Shipping Circulars.
Merchant Navy is a demanding profession and requires technical training courses at regular intervals. Shipping training courses are numerous and categorized.
Pre-sea courses are training courses needed to be done prior joining merchant navy for the first time while post-sea courses are courses done for promotion or up-gradation and done primarily after actual sailing.
Modular courses are short duration courses generally required as per rules (STCW) and are mandatory while Value added courses are company specific and not mandatory.