Audit tells us whether we are doing what we should be doing and how well we are doing it . It is about quality and finding out if best practiced is being practiced and records are maintained and updated as required .An Audit is defined methodology carried out by a competent and independent person to review the practice being followed .
Survey : Visual inspection to identify if machinery , equipment are working satisfactorily and necessary document are available on board to support the same .There has been no tampering , altering or compromising of rules and regulation to be followed .A survey forms part of scheduled maintenance inspection carried out by a competent person . Survey is done to appraise or endorse certificates or approve supporting documents
In 1956, the United Nations held its first Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS I) at Geneva, Switzerland. UNCLOS I resulted in four treaties concluded in 1958:
%u2022 Convention on the Territorial Sea and Contiguous Zone, entry into force: 10 September 1964
%u2022 Convention on the Continental Shelf, entry into force: 10 June 1964
%u2022 Convention on the High Seas, entry into force: 30 September 1962
%u2022 Convention on Fishing and Conservation of Living Resources of the High Seas, entry into force: 20 March 1966
Although UNCLOS I was considered a success, it left open the important issue of breadth of territorial waters.
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation, 1988
Adoption: 10 March 1988
Entry into force: 1 March 1992
The main purpose of the convention is to ensure that appropriate action is taken against persons committing unlawful acts against ships. These include:
%u2022 the seizure of ships by force;
%u2022 acts of violence against persons on board ships; and
%u2022 the placing of devices on board a ship which are likely to destroy or damage it.
The International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS Code) is a comprehensive set of measures to enhance the security of ships and port facilities, developed in response to the perceived threats to ships and port facilities in the wake of the 9/11 attacks in the United States. The ISPS Code is implemented through chapter XI-2 Special measures to enhance maritime security in the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974. The Code has two parts, one mandatory and one recommendatory