MASTER EXAM ORAL QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS BY CAPT-NAIK - LATEST QUESTIONS
Q. 1) Elements of ISM codeX
Q. 5) U have a stowaway onboard , what are the procedures to be followed & what are your responsibilities ?X
Q. 6) Own vessel in thick fog hears fog signal of another vessel one prolonged & 2 short blast 1.5 nm dead astern , action ?X
Q. 8) What is scopic ?X
scopic is a special compensation for salvage oparation which has to be agreed between onwer & salvor.it is without safty net & no geographical problem.
Article 14 of the 1989 Salvage Convention ('Article 14') provided that salvors ('Contractors') could receive Special Compensation (ie their expenses and a fair rate for tugs and equipment used in salvage operations) in certain circumstances where the salved fund was insufficient to allow them to recover adequate remuneration under Article 13 of the Salvage Convention 1989 ('Article 13').
The SCOPIC clause ( (Special COmpensation P & I Club) endorsed this concept but introduced a tariff to calculate the Contractor's Special Compensation together with an uplift fixed at 25%. Traditional Article 13 Awards will be discounted by 25% of the amount by which any Article 13 Award exceeds the SCOPIC remuneration.
Special Casualty Representatives (SCR) and Representatives for hull and cargo were introduced and marine property underwriters' access to information about the services was improved. SCOPIC was warmly welcomed by the maritime community but experience gained through its use identified a number of matters which needed clarification to confirm the original intent behind SCOPIC and a number of gaps which needed to be filled in the wording of SCOPIC, particularly in Appendix A (Tariff Rates). To this end the SCOPIC drafting sub-committee produced an amended version of SCOPIC ("SCOPIC 2000") which came into effect on 1 September 2000.
The SCOPIC Clause is meant to be an alternative option for the contracting parties to agree to replace the salvage convention article 14 when signing a Lloydâ€™s open form salvage contract (LOF).
"LOF provides a regime for determining the amount of remuneration to be awarded to salvors for their services in saving property at sea and minimising or preventing damage to the environment."
As a shipowner's liability for special compensation is customarily insured in the P&I market these developments may not be thought by property underwriters to have any immediate relevance. However, London property underwriters were involved in the SCOPIC negotiations and there are aspects of SCOPIC which will concern all property underwriters if the shipowners and the contractor involved agree to add a SCOPIC clause to their LOF contract.
Once a SCOPIC clause is agreed between a contractor and a shipowner the latter is entitled to appoint a Shipowners' Casualty Representative (SCR) to attend the salvage operation who must be a member of the SCR Panel. This will comprise a number of surveyors selected by a SCR committee consisting of 12 persons representing ISU, the Clubs, IUMI and the International Chamber of Shipping.
- Lloyd's Open Form 2011
- SCOPIC Clause
- SCR Guidelines
Basically piracy is in high seas not within any states jurisdiction while armed robbery is within internal waters, territorial waters and archipelagic waters.
The following definition of piracy is contained in article 101 of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS):
â€œPiracy consists of any of the following acts:
(a)any illegal acts of violence or detention, or any act of depredation, committed for private ends by the crew or the passengers of a private ship or a private aircraft, and directed:
(i)on the high seas, against another ship or aircraft, or against persons or property on board such ship or aircraft;
(ii)against a ship, aircraft, persons or property in a place outside the jurisdiction of any State;
(b)any act of voluntary participation in the operation of a ship or of an aircraft with knowledge of facts making it a pirate ship or aircraft;
(c)any act inciting or of intentionally facilitating an act described in sub-paragraph (a) or (b).â€
â€œArmed robbery against shipsâ€ means any of the following acts:
1 any illegal act of violence or detention or any act of depredation, or threat thereof, other than an act of piracy, committed for private ends and directed against a ship or against persons or property on board such a ship, within a Stateâ€™s internal waters, archipelagic waters and territorial sea;
2 any act of inciting or of intentionally facilitating an act described above.