MASTER EXAM ORAL QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS BY CAPT-SUNDARAM - LATEST QUESTIONS
Merchant Shipping (Cancellation or Suspension of Certificate of Competency) Rules, 2003
Grounds for cancellation or Suspension of Certificates of Competency by Chief Examiner of Master & Mates or Chief Examiner of Engineers--
Any Certificate of Competency, which has been granted by the Central Government or an officer duly authorized by it in this behalf, to any person may be cancelled or suspended for any specified length of period by the Chief Examiner of Master and Mates or the Chief Examiner of Engineers, on the following circumstances :--
Incompetency, omission or commission of such acts by the holder of the Certificate, which may lead to personal injury, death or shipping casualty.
If it is found that the said person is guilty of any gross act of misconduct, drunkenness or tyranny, or in a case of collision, has failed to render assistance, or to give such information, or that the loss, stranding or abandonment of, or damage to any ship, or loss of life has been caused by his wrongful act or default.
Enquiry into misconduct/incompetency-
The cancellation or suspension of Certificate of Competency shall be made only after enquiry by the Chief Examiner or an authorized Officer on his behalf.
Issue of show cause notice---
No order shall be passed for cancellation or suspension of certificates unless the person concerned has been given a reasonable opportunity of giving representation against the proposed order through appropriate show cause notice.
Provision for appeal against order of cancellation/suspension---
A person whose certificate has been cancelled or suspended may appeal against such order to the Director General of Shipping within 30 days from the date of receipt of such order canceling or suspending his Certificate of Competency. The decision of the Director General of Shipping shall be final.
Q. 8) You are in open sea and 3 / o during maintanance in life boat davit , l / b fall accidentally released action ?X
Sue and labour is an extraordinary expenditure made in time of peril to avert
or minimise any loss or damage to the subject matter insured. Because such an expenditure is incurred for the safety or preservation of the subject matter insured, it may be claimed under the separate head of a particular charge.
Sue and labour charges are not to be confused with general average expenditure. They are incurred for the benefit of only a single interest (e.g. the vessel, or the cargo), whereas general average expenditure is incurred for the common benefit (e.g. of the ship, cargo and freight, if any at risk).
Examples of sue and labour charges might include costs incurred by a shipowner in recovering a lost anchor and cable, and costs incurred by a cargo owner of having a refrigerated cargo stored ashore while a ships refrigerating machinery is under repair.
provides that the assured has a duty to take all reasonable steps to avert or minimise any loss for which a claim
would be payable under the policy. In return, most costs incurred in taking such steps are recoverable from the
Examples of sue and labour charges might include costs incurred by a shipowner in recovering a lost anchor and
cable, and costs incurred by a cargo owner of having a refrigerated cargo stored ashore while a shipâ€™s refrigerating
machinery is under repair.